2019, Issue 2


Creation date: 16.1.2020

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Content

Interaction and Integration of Control Systems

Interaction and integration between control systems that are based on different legal and non-legal elements is the main problem of globalization. The establishment of a unified control system with established uniform rules and norms is a complex and lengthy process that requires interaction between all countries, as well as proper interaction and integration between control systems. Control systems are studied and presented from different aspects in different publications and forums and a significant…

New Approach to Evaluation of the Efficiency of Higher Education Expenditure in Regard to Quality Achieved (Evidence Fromselected Countries from Central and Eastern Europe)

This paper examines the efficiency of higher education expenditure by a comparison between EU Member States from Central and Eastern Europe with respect to the effects related to the quality of education obtained through the application of the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method. The paper introduces a new approach to measuring the outputs of higher education expenditure related to realization on the labour market and welfare. The results of the study show that, among seven CEE countries,…

Eco- Innovations, Repair Costs and Environmental Protection in Bulgaria

The global economy faces a number of challenges related to the environment and economic competitiveness. To protect the environment and increase the competitiveness of organizations, technologies, processes and business models are needed that use resources effectively. These are the so-called 'eco-innovations'. Research is essential for the rapid development of innovation and job creation.
The study presents the budgeted expenditures for research and the costs of environmental protection and…

Elinor Ostrom: Polycentric Governance - an Alternative to State and Market

Research on the outcomes of diverse institutional arrangements for governing common-pool resources (CPRs) and public goods leads to the development of a new theory to explain phenomena that not feet in a dichotomous world of “the state” and “the market”. Humans have complex motivational structures and more capability for resolving of social dilemmas than the theory of rational choice examines. The establishment of institutions that constrain (or nudge) the self-interested individuals to…

Gross National Happiness Index - Methodology and Analysis of Empirical Research Results

The measurement of happiness is a subject of interest for researchers in various fields such as psychology, sociology, and economics. There are different approaches to operationalizing and measuring happiness - both individual and multidimensional measures are applied. One of the measurement approaches is through the Gross National Happiness Index, a methodology developed by the Center of Bhutan Studies. The Index is a multidimensional measure that can be used to generate policyrelevant insights…

Language Norms in Business Communications

The day-to-day activities of an institution include conversations, negotiations, clarifications; different types of documents and business letters are written, correspondence and telephone conversations are carried out. The various documents created need to be registered, archived, etc. This requres a good knowledge of the basic orthographic, pronunciation and etiquette rules. The article comments on and analyses some of the literary language norms of the Bulgarian language that have to be observed…

The Changes in the Reward System of the Employees in the Bulgarian Public Administration in Since the Beginning of 2019 - Opportunities and Problems

The article reviews the changes in the Reward System of the employees in the Bulgarian Public Administration, which have been in force since the beginning of 2019.
The theoretical basis embodied in the article is the concept of Total Reward, which includes monetary rewards (basic salaries, additional payments, damages and benefits) and non-monetary remuneration (recognition of contributions, relationships and pportunities).
The article presents the structure of the reward system for…

Impact of the ECB Monetary Policy on Corpoarte Loans Interest Rates in Bulgaria

This article deals with the impact of the ECB monetary policy on the dynamics of the interest rates on bank loans to non-financial corporations in Bulgaria in the period 2007 - mid 2019. The ECB monetary policy measures are discussed taken in response to the global crisis processes and in the period of economic recovery. In this regard, attention is given to the changes of key ECB interest rates and the changes of the EURIBOR and SOFIBOR market indices. The main trends are outlined in the dynamics…

New Trends in the Development of Islamic Banking and Finance by 2050

The article attempts to analyze and predict Islamic banking and finance by 2050. It includes the global demographic structure in perspective, the demand for Islamic financial products, the new challenges to Islamic banking, the Islamic Financial Index as a new configuration of the status quo. There is also a breakthrough using Islamic financial derivatives. The authors also point to some future projections for Europe's development in the context of the spread of Islamic finances. The scientific…

Socio Coding: Theory and Practice

The Article analyses the theoretical and practical postulates concerning socio-coding /nation, people, ethnos, state, religious societies and spaces, business and socio-structures, nongovernment organisations etc. The theme is considerably new and not enough clear theoretically. The complicated and contradictory political and geo-economy situation in the Global World prompts the actual nature of the theme about the socio Geo-Code, as well as its importance in the contemporary official and real geo-policy.…